One in six Australians will have a stroke in their lifetime .
That’s about 51,000 strokes per year, or one every ten minutes.
Worldwide, stroke is the second most common cause of premature death, after heart disease, and is the leading cause of disability among adults .
During a stroke, the blood supply to the brain is interrupted by a blocked or ruptured blood vessel. Cells in the brain are deprived of oxygen and nutrients, causing them to die. Damage is localised to the area of the brain where the blood supply was interrupted. But in cases where the blood vessel has ruptured, bleeding increases pressure in the brain region, causing greater damage.
Symptoms of stroke include drooping of the face or mouth, loss of feeling and movement in the arms, and a loss of ability to speak clearly and or understand what others are saying. Only a doctor can diagnose a stroke but contact emergency services immediately if it’s suspected. The longer a stroke is untreated, the higher the likelihood of long-term brain damage.
Strokes may cause long-term difficulties with attention, decision-making, memory, speech, understanding others, movement and balance. While these difficulties are typically targeted in rehabilitation and long-term stroke management approaches, other less obvious consequences of stroke, such as poorer emotional well-being, may not be appropriately addressed .
Evidence-based lifestyle interventions such as yoga have a role to play in addressing unmet psychological, social and spiritual needs after a stroke .
Peoples' lives change markedly after a stroke . Along with poorer health, survivors often have reduced independence and must rely on others for basic needs. This changes the dynamics of their family environment, social interactions, lifestyle and ability to work.
While some stroke survivors are able to adapt to these changes, a significant proportion has trouble coping. Not surprisingly, stroke survivors commonly experience poorer emotional well-being, depression, and anxiety [6.].
Not only can depression make daily challenges harder to cope with, and affect movement and balance , research shows those with post-stroke depression are likely to have poorer physical health outcomes and are more likely to die prematurely .
How yoga can help after a stroke
Yoga is a system of self-development that has evolved over many thousands of years since its inception in ancient contemplative societies in southern Asia.
Yoga aims to integrate mind and body. This is appropriate for survivors, as strokes have consequences for both physical and mental function. Yoga’s holistic approach views health as relating to one’s mental, physical and social potential, not merely the absence of disease .
Fatigue and low exercise tolerance often make it difficult for stroke survivors to participate in standard modes of exercise. But yoga can be individualised and adapted to suit most individuals despite their movement abilities. In fact, yoga can be more accessible to those seeking to keep active after stroke than other forms of exercise .
With this level of accessibility, yoga can increase confidence and promote participation in other forms of physical activity and daily activities . A study from the Unites States found eight weeks of yoga improved stroke survivors' balance and reduced their fear of falling .
Meditation and mindfulness
Beyond movement and physical activity, yoga involves contemplative practices such as meditation . This means paying attention to breathing and body sensations while moving or keeping still.
Regular meditation has been shown to promote mindfulness, a skill for purposefully maintaining attention in the present moment in an open and accepting way. Mindfulness training has been associated with a number of benefits, including improved emotional well-being and cognitive function .
Some commentators have proposed that mindfulness techniques engage the brain in particular ways that strengthen parts of the brain responsible for attention, decision making, working memory, and emotional regulation .
Regardless, feeling in control and able to cope provides a sense of self-mastery, leading to better stress management and emotional well-being . Yoga can help us develop the skills necessary to remain in control of our physical and mental reactions when we face challenging situations.
Yoga sessions at Inner Focus Physiotherapy are conducted by registered Physiotherapists who are trained in neurological rehabilitation. Private initial assessments are conducted to assess impairments, and yoga treatments are conducted privately or in small fully supervised groups.
For more information on commencing a yoga program with an instructor who is also an experienced physiotherapist, please visitwww.innerfocusphysio.com.au or call 93821339.
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